Recent Articles

Below are the titles and abstracts from the most recent articles published in In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology – Animal. Click on the title to view the full article at Springerlink.

 

  • rno-miR-128-3p promotes apoptosis in rat granulosa cells (GCs) induced by norepinephrine through Wilms tumor 1 (WT1)
    on September 23, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The mechanism related to ovarian follicular is complex, which has not been fully elucidated. Abundant reports have confirmed that the ovarian function development is closely related to sympathetic innervation. As one of the major neurotransmitters, norepinephrine (NE) is considered an effective regulator of ovarian functions like granulosa cell (GC) apoptosis. However, the mechanism between NE and GC apoptosis in rat is still unclear. In our study, GCs were isolated and cultured in vitro with NE treatment. The apoptosis of GCs was facilitated by NE. Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) was found to be significantly downregulated in GCs after NE treatment, and overexpression of WT1 repressed apoptosis in rat GCs induced by NE. rno-miR-128-3p was found to be significantly enhanced by NE in GCs, and inhibition of rno-miR-128-3p repressed apoptosis in rat GCs induced by NE. Mechanistically, rno-miR-128-3p interacted with WT1 and repressed its expression. In summary, inhibition […]

  • Integrated analysis of mRNA and long non-coding RNA expression profiles reveals the potential roles of lncRNA-mRNA network in carp macrophage immune regulation
    on September 23, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as a hot topic in research as mounting evidence has indicated their transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulatory potential in multiple biological processes. Previous studies have revealed the involvement of lncRNAs in the immunoregulation of mammalian macrophages by changing mRNA expression; however, studies on the lncRNAs in fish macrophages and their potential roles in the immune system remain unknown. Primary macrophages were isolated from the head kidney (HK) of red common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and high-throughput lncRNA-mRNA sequencing was performed using the Illumina HiSeq platform. The results revealed that the most highly expressed mRNAs in primary HK macrophages were mainly involved in immune-related signal pathways. Furthermore, the most enriched immune-related GO term and KEGG pathway of the mRNAs were “immune system development” and “chemokine signaling pathway,” respectively. A total of […]

  • Mucin-producing hamster cholangiocarcinoma cell line, Ham-2, possesses the aggressive cancer phenotypes with liver and lung metastases
    on September 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive bile duct cancer. Opisthorchis viverrini (O. viverrini) infection is a significant cause of CCA in the Greater Mekong subregion. Currently, there is no standard chemotherapeutic regimen for CCA. A unique hamster carcinogenesis model of O. viverrini–associated CCA was established. Molecular targets identified from the hamster CCA-comparative model are valuable for target identification and validation. Hamster CCA was induced by the administration of O. viverrini metacercariae and N-nitrosodimethylamine. Hamster-derived cancer cells were isolated and continuously cultured for more than 6 months. Ham-2 cell line was established and characterized in vitro and in vivo. Ham-2 exhibited chromosome hyperploidy. A comparative study with previously established cell line, Ham-1, demonstrated that Ham-2 acquired slower growth, higher adhesion, higher migration, and resistance to doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In BALB/c […]

  • A novel method to obtain rat aortic media for primary culture of rat aortic smooth muscle cells
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract An efficient and simple method to obtain aortic media for primary culture of rat vascular smooth muscle cells (RVSMCs) is developed. The main steps to obtain aortic media include isolation of rat aortic artery, removal of the fat tissue and branches, separation of longitudinal cutting edge, and peeling off the adventitia. Then, aortic media was used to obtain RVSMCs by our tissue explants method and the enzyme digestion method. The removal efficiency of the intima and adventitia was confirmed by hematoxylin–eosin and immunohistochemical staining. Morphology and immunofluorescent staining were used to identify cells and cell purity. RVSMCs at the 3rd and 8th passages were isolated by our tissue explants method; the enzyme digestion method and the traditional tissue explants method were compared respectively. Western blotting and gel contraction assay were used to investigate the phenotype and contraction ability of RVSMCs obtained by the different […]

  • Exosomal miR-193b-5p as a regulator of LPS-induced inflammation in dairy cow mammary epithelial cells
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Exosomes are a type of extracellular vesicle that act as shuttles, transporting certain genetic information to other cells. MiRNA cargo within exosomes can regulate gene expression at the transcriptional level. The objective of this study was to investigate the exosomal miRNAs that regulate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in dairy cow mammary alveolar (Mac-T) cells. We found two exosome miRNAs upregulated and five exosomal miRNAs downregulated, respectively, in the LPS-stimulated Mac-T cells. MiR-193b-5p was upregulated 6.3-fold in the LPS-stimulated cell-derived exosome. Target prediction results showed that nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) inhibitor delta (NFKBID), transforming growth factor-beta 1 induced transcript 1 (TGFB1I1), interleukin 22 (IL-22), TNF receptor superfamily member 11b (TNFRSF11B), and Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) might be the main target genes of miR-193b-5p. After treatment of Mac-T cells with the miR-193b-5p mimic, the […]

  • Protective effect of MitoQ on oxidative stress-mediated senescence of canine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The destruction of biological activity such as senescence and apoptosis caused by oxidative stress could play a pivotal role in the poor therapeutic efficiency of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation. Mitoquinone (MitoQ) has a highly effective mitochondrial antioxidant effect, and has been widely used in many oxidative damage models. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of MitoQ on the oxidative stress-mediated senescence of canine BMSCs and the underlying mechanism. The senescence of BMSCs was determined by senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining and quantitative real-time PCR. The expression of p-Nrf2 protein was detected by Western blotting. The results demonstrated that, as BMSCs were expanded in vitro, the senescent phenotype appeared. And the senescence of BMSCs may be caused by oxidative stress, manifested by increasing the level of ROS and decreasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Treatment of […]

  • Protein disulfide isomerase A3 might be involved in the regulation of 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase via vitamin D equilibrium in primary cortical neurons
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Vitamin D is a secosteroid hormone mediating its functions via vitamin D receptor (VDR) and an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, protein disulfide isomerase A3 (PDIA3). From a physiological perspective, there is also a well-established association of cholesterol and vitamin D synthesis, since both share a common metabolic substrate, 7 dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC). Yet, the potential basic pathways, of the biological interplay of DHCR24 and vitamin D equilibrium, on neuronal level, are yet to be determined. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relation between vitamin D pathways and DHCR24 in primary cortical neuron cultures. The neocortex of Sprague–Dawley rat embryos (E16) was used for the preparation of primary cortical neuron cultures. DHCR24 mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescent labeling in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-treated or VDR/PDIA3-silenced primary cortical neurons. The mRNA […]

  • Establishment and characterization of the Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) embryonic cell line QAU-Bd-E-2
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract In this study, we successfully established a Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) embryonic cell line, i.e., QAU-Bd-E-2, from the insect eggs. The cells have been stably passaged for more than 60 times in TNM-FH medium with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). QAU-Bd-E-2 cells are adherent cells. Most of the cells were round, spindle-shaped, and rod-shaped. Round cells accounted for 82.3%, with a diameter of 13.9 ± 2.6 µm; spindle-shaped cells accounted for 9.8%, with the size of 51.2 ± 11.2 µm × 10.3 ± 3.1 µm; the rod-shaped cells accounted for 7.9%, with the size of 35.2 ± 9.4 µm × 12.0 ± 2.5 µm. The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I subunit (CoI) gene from QAU-Bd-E-2 cells was amplified, and the 657 bp fragment had a 100% similarity with the CoI gene of B. dorsalis, suggesting that the cell line was derived from B. dorsalis. The chromosome number of QAU-Bd-E-2 cells was mostly 12, which is the same as the B. […]

  • Functional and regulatory aspects of oxidative stress response in X monosomy
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The partial/complete loss of one X chromosome in a human female leads to Turner syndrome (TS). TS individuals display a range of phenotypes including short stature, osteoporosis, ovarian malfunction, diabetes, and thyroid dysfunction. Epigenetic factors and regulatory networks are distinctly different in X monosomy (45, X). In a lifetime, an individual is exposed to a variety of stress conditions. To study whether X monosomy cells display a differential response upon exposure to mild stress as compared to normal 46, XX cells and whether this may contribute to various co-morbidities in aneuploid individuals, we have carried out a transcriptomic analysis of human fibroblasts 45, X and 46, XX after exposure to mild oxidative stress. Under these conditions, over 350 transcripts were seen to be differentially expressed in 45, X and 46, XX cells. Pathways associated with oxidative stress were differentially expressed highlighting the differential regulation of […]

  • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B acts as a novel molecule to mediate testosterone synthesis and secretion in mouse Leydig cells by luteinizing hormone (LH) signaling pathway
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (Cdkn1b, p27) plays important regulatory roles in many cellular processes. p27 is highly expressed in the mouse testis, but its roles and underlying mechanisms for testosterone synthesis and secretion remain not well understood. In the current study, we found that p27 located in Leydig cells and Sertoli cells of adult mouse testis. To explore the function of p27 in Leydig cells, p27 inhibitor and activator were injected into the adult mice, primary Leydig cells and TM3 cells. Our in vivo and in vitro results showed that change in the expression of p27 significantly alters the testosterone in both globe serum and culture medium. Meanwhile, the steroidogenesis-related gene expression was significantly regulated too. Moreover, our in vitro study showed that luteinizing hormone (LH) significantly increased p27 mRNA levels. Furthermore, our results proved that altering the mRNA expression of p27 leads to the synchronized […]

  • SIVB 2021: In Vitro OnLine, June 5 – 9, Virtual Meeting
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • microRNA-4429-5p suppresses the malignant development of colon cancer by targeting matrix metalloproteinase 16
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Colon cancer has been recognized as the major reason for global cancer-associated mortality. microRNA (miRNA, miR)-4429-5p has been documented to act as a tumor-suppressive miRNA in some cancers, but its effect on colon cancer remains elusive. In this study, the biological effects of miR-4429-5p were investigated both in vitro by MTT, 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU), wound healing, and transwell assays and in vivo by a xenograft mice model. Western blot, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and dual-luciferase assay were used to identify the binding of miR-4429-5p on matrix metalloproteinase 16 (MMP16) 3′-UTR. Our results suggested that overexpression of miR-4429-5p hindered colon cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas knockdown of miR-4429-5p exhibited the opposite effect in colon cancer cells. Mechanistically, miR-4429-5p directly bound to the 3′-UTR of MMP16 and led to inhibition of MMP16 […]

  • Inhibition of cell proliferation and promotion of acinus-like structure formation from goat mammary epithelial cells via Wnt/β-catenin signaling
    on August 1, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Mammary epithelial cells have been suggested to be central to control the expansion and remodeling of mammary gland. Wnt/β-catenin signaling modulates cell fate in animals throughout their life span, and represents indispensable roles in tissue homeostasis, cell renewal, and regeneration in organs. Here, we utilized the small molecule 6-bromoindirubin-3’-oxime (BIO), an activator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, and investigated whether Wnt/β-catenin signaling regulated the proliferation and acinus-like structure formation of goat mammary epithelial cells (GMECs). We showed that isolated GMECs displayed the typical epithelial cobblestone morphology and expressed specific markers of mammary epithelial cells. BIO inhibited the proliferation of GMECs and decreased the expression of proliferation marker c-myc and cell cycle protein cyclin D1. However, the ability of GMECs to form spheroids was accelerated, and the level of E-cadherin mRNA was upregulated with […]

  • Animal Contributed Papers
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • Index
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • Assessment of mitotically inactivated mosquito cell feeder layers produced with mitomycin C
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • International Conference
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • Education Symposium
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • Keynote Symposium
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
  • Joint Symposium
    on June 1, 2021 at 12:00 am
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