Recent Articles

Below are the titles and abstracts from the most recent articles published in In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology – Animal. Click on the title to view the full article at Springerlink.


  • Testosterone promotes GPX5 expression of goat epididymal epithelial cells cultured in vitro
    on August 19, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Androgens are involved in maintaining epididymal structure and function. In the present study, primary culture of goat EECs and effect of testosterone on expression of glutathione peroxidase-5 (GPX5) in goat epididymal epithelial cells (EECs) were investigated. The EECs isolated from 12-mo-old goat caput epididymis were cultured with testosterone in vitro, and expression of glutathione peroxidase-5 (GPX5) and androgen receptors (ARs) was analyzed. Our results showed that testosterone effectively increased EEC proliferation activity, and EECs cultured with testosterone could maintain molecular markers for up to 12 passages. Compared with the control group, 100 nM testosterone significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression of GPX5 (P < 0.05) and ARs (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively) in EECs, and this effect was blocked by the AR blocker enzalutamide. In conclusion, testosterone can promote […]

  • SQSTM1/p62 is involved in docosahexaenoic acid–induced cellular autophagy in glioblastoma cell lines
    on August 19, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most abundant n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid in the human brain and works as an anticancer agent to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell lines. However, little is known about the connection between DHA and autophagy in GBM cells. We found that high-dose DHA caused cellular autophagy in cultured U251 and U118 GBM cell lines, but there was no effect with a low dose. Moreover, after treatment with a high dose of DHA at 12, 24, and 48 h, the protein expression of SQSTM1/p62 decreased in DHA-treated U251 cells at 12 and 24 h, but increased at 48 h, while in DHA-treated U118 cells, the protein expression increased at all time points. Interestingly, the level of SQSTM1/p62 mRNA was elevated in both DHA-treated U251 and U118 cells at all time points, indicating that DHA activated SQSTM1/p62 transcription in both cell lines. Furthermore, downregulation of SQSTM1/p62 by siRNA […]

  • Inhibitory effects of Semaphorin 3F as an alternative candidate to anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody on angiogenesis
    on August 16, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibition forms the basis for anti-angiogenic therapies. With the methods based on the monoclonal antibody-mediated typical VEGF blockade, pathological angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment is inhibited and the limitation of tumor growth is provided; however, the existing tumor tissue cannot be intervened. In this study, the anti-angiogenic effects of Semaphorin (SEMA) 3F, which has frequently been reported to have tumor suppressive properties, on a chick chorioallantoic membrane model as well as in vitro cell-cell interactions were investigated and comparatively assessed using anti-VEGF antibody. Vascular endothelial cells and chick embryos were stimulated with 10–16 ng/mL VEGF165 prior to SEMA 3F administration in order to generate pathological vascularization conditions. Both in vitro and in ovo results revealed that SEMA 3F suppressed VEGF165-induced abnormal vascularization more effectively than […]

  • Next-generation cell lines established from the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
    on August 13, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf), is a polyphagous lepidopteran herbivore that consumes more than 80 plant species, including many economically important crops, such as corn, soybeans, and sorghum. While already a serious pest in the Americas, it was recently introduced into Africa, India, and China. Because of its high economic costs in the New World and the continent-wide damage potentials in Africa, research to develop advanced pest management technologies is necessary. We are supporting this need by developing novel, next-generation insect cell lines from targeted tissues. Cell lines, such as these, will boost insecticide discovery programs and lead to innovative pest management solutions. Here, we report on the establishment of 16 new cell lines from larval S. frugiperda tissues: nine from the central nervous system, three from the aorta, and four from the testes. We confirmed the identities of the cell lines by DNA amplification […]

  • LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 acting as a ceRNA for miR-4458 enhances osteosarcoma progression by regulating CCND2 expression
    on August 7, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Osteosarcoma is prevalent worldwide and characterized as a challenging health burden. It has been increasingly indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are significant in pathological processes of numerous cancers, exerting oncogenic or tumor-suppressive function. However, the participation of KCNQ1OT1 in osteosarcoma has not been elaborated. In this study, we focus on interrogating the function of KCNQ1OT1 and its underlying mechanism in osteosarcoma. Our work demonstrated the upregulation of KCNQ1OT1 in osteosarcoma through qRT-PCR. Besides, loss of function assay (CCK-8, transwell migration) indicated KCNQ1OT1 promoted cell proliferation, migration in osteosarcoma. Mechanically, KCNQ1OT1 acting as sponge for miR-4458 antagonized its tumor-suppressive impact on CCND2 expression. The anti-apoptotic nature of KCNQ1OT1 was also unveiled via caspase-3 activity assay. Overexpressed KCNQ1OT1 acted as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-4458 and […]

  • Isolation, culture, and identification of duck intestinal epithelial cells and oxidative stress model constructed
    on August 5, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) not only have an absorption function but also act as a physical barrier between the body and the intestinal bacterial flora. Damage to IECs leads to the breakdown of this barrier and has negative effects on animal health. Intestinal epithelial damage is frequently associated with long-term acute stress, such as increased temperature and new stress management models. The intestinal epithelial damage caused by environmental stress has been linked to oxidative stress. Until now, the effects of intestinal epithelial antioxidant activity from feed additives and treatments could be tested in ducks only in vivo because of the lack of in vitro cell culture systems. In this study, we describe our protocol for the easy isolation and culture of IECs from the small intestine of duck embryos. Immunofluorescence was used for the cytological identification of IECs. In addition, IEC marker genes (IAP and CDH1) could also be detected in […]

  • 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induced aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation enhanced the suppressive function of mesenchymal stem cells against splenocyte proliferation
    on August 5, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The immunosuppressive function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is well known. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor of the bHLH/PAS family, is widely expressed in several cells and is involved in various physiological and pathological processes. Previously, we found that the expression of AhR was downregulated in MSCs isolated from mice with neutrophilic asthma and that the activation of AhR enhanced the function of MSCs to alleviate neutrophilic asthma. We hypothesized that AhR activation enhanced MSCs for their immunosuppressive function. We aimed to investigate whether AhR activation can augment the suppressive function of MSCs against splenocyte proliferation. We co-cultured MSCs or AhR-activated MSCs with splenocytes at different ratios. The results showed that AhR activation in MSCs upregulated the expression of inducible nitric oxide (iNOS), which promoted the production of nitric oxide (NO), thus enhancing the inhibitory effect on […]

  • β-carotene improves oocyte development and maturation under oxidative stress in vitro
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Recently, the mean maternal age at first birth has been continuing to increase. The decline in the age-related fertility is due to the reduction in the number and the quality of the oocyte. An elevation in intra-ovarian reactive oxygen species (ROS) is correlated with the increase in maternal age, and the oxidative stress is involved in the decline in oocyte quality. Although β-carotene, a very effective quencher of ROS, has been found to have the beneficial contribution to the ovarian development and steroidogenesis, it is unknown the effect of β-carotene on the oocyte development especially oocyte maturation. This investigation aimed to explore the beneficial contribution of β-carotene on oocyte maturation under oxidative stress and the underlying mechanism. We found that the oxidative stress induced by ROS reagent Rosup inhibited oocyte development/maturation and parthenogenetic activation which could be dramatically rescued by […]

  • YY1-induced upregulation of lncRNA NEAT1 contributes to OGD/R injury-induced inflammatory response in cerebral microglial cells via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Stroke can lead to the serious long-term neurological disability. The dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been proven to be a pivotal factor for the progression of ischemic stroke. However, it is largely unknown whether lncRNAs regulated the OGD/R injury of cerebral microglial cells. In this study, we designed experiments to reveal the role of lncRNA Nuclear Enriched Abundant Transcript 1 (NEAT1) in the OGD/R injury of microglial cells. We found that NEAT1 contributed to the OGD/R injury and neuroinflammation damage in microglial cells. Moreover, the molecular mechanism involved in the NEAT1-mediated OGD/R injury. Mechanism investigation revealed that NEAT1 was upregulated by the transcription factor YY1. Moreover, Western blot analysis suggested that NEAT1 enhance the protein levels of core factors of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, indicating that NEAT1 contributed to the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Rescue […]

  • NFKB1-miR-612-FAIM2 pathway regulates tumorigenesis in neurofibromatosis type 1
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is a carcinoma mainly featured by malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) play decisive roles in tumor initiation and development. Our study sought for the possible roles of miR-612 in NF1. RT-qPCR estimated the expression of nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 (NFKB1), miR-612, and Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 2 (FAIM2) in NF1, separately. Cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK-8 and transwell experiments. Cell apoptosis was measured via flow cytometry and detection of the expression and activity of caspase 3/8/9. Luciferase reporter, ChIP, and RIP assays testified the interplay between studied genes. Rescue and in vivo assays affirmed the whole mechanism of miR-612 in NF1. We indicated that miR-612 was significantly low in tumor tissues and cells. Mechanism experiments confirmed that miR-612 promotion repressed cell proliferation and migration, and induced cell […]

  • LncRNA TUG1 contributes to cardiac hypertrophy via regulating miR-29b-3p
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Cardiac hypertrophy with maladjusted cardiac remodeling is the leading cause of heart failure. In the past decades, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to exert multiple functions in cellular biological behaviors; however, their role in cardiac hypertrophy remains largely unclear. Presently, we first obtained hypertrophic H9c2 cells by treating with angiotensin II (Ang II) and uncovered upregulation of lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) in such H9c2 cells. Then, we demonstrated that silencing TUG1 attenuated Ang II–induced cardiac hypertrophy. Besides, a strong interactivity of TUG1 with miR-29b-3p at the putative sites was validated, suggesting that TUG1 was an endogenous sponge of miR-29b-3p in H9c2 cells. Additionally, the expression of miR-29b-3p was strikingly reduced by TUG1 upregulation and also inhibited under Ang II treatment, whereas it was restored after silencing TUG1 in hypertrophic cells. Also, […]

  • 2019 In Vitro Biology Meeting, June 8 – 12, Tampa, Florida
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am


  • Leptin treatment of in vitro cultured embryos increases outgrowth rate of inner cell mass during embryonic stem cell derivation
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Leptin, a metabolic hormone, regulates the reproductive functions responding to both nutritional and body conditions. Embryonic stem cells play important roles in reproductive technology, but their derivation can be challenging. In this study, we evaluated the derivation rates of mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) line from blastocysts developing in embryo culture media supplemented with different leptin concentrations. The results showed that addition of leptin into the embryo culture medium supported the in vitro development of mouse embryo. The mESC line derivation rates for media treated with 0, 10, 50, and 100 ng/ml of leptin were 61.24 % (54/88), 84.96 % (42/50), 81.79 % (61/76), and 85.78 % (56/67), respectively. In addition, leptin treatment of blastocysts upregulated the expression levels of the trophectoderm marker Cdx2, whereas inner cell mass markers Oct-4 and Nanog were not affected. mESC lines derived after leptin treatment demonstrated […]

  • Correction to: Pro-neurogenic effect of β-asarone on RSC96 Schwann cells in vitro
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    In the original article there is an error in Fig. 5. The photo in row 6 days, column A2 is incorrect. […]

  • miR-194 regulates the proliferation and migration via targeting Hnf1β in mouse metanephric mesenchyme cells
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1β (Hnf1β) is associated with early embryogenesis failure, renal cysts, and/or diabetes. However, factors regulating Hnf1β expression in metanephric mesenchyme cells remain poorly understood. Here, we analyzed the modulation relationship of Hnf1β and miR-194 in mouse metanephric mesenchyme (MM) cells. Bioinformatics analysis, luciferase assay and semi-quantitative real-time (qPCR), western blotting, 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine cell proliferation assay, wound healing assay, and flow cytometry were employed to detect the function of miR-194 by targeting on Hnf1β in mouse MM cells. Bioinformatic prediction revealed one conserved binding site (CAGTATT) of miR-194 on Hnf1β 3’-UTR and luciferase reporter assay suggested that this is an effective target site of miR-194, and mutating CAGTATT with CGTACTT had no effects on luciferase activity compared with control. Overexpression of miR-194 decreased […]

  • Establishment and characterization of a novel cell line of medullary thyroid carcinoma from a dog
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract A novel cell line of canine medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) was established from the neck mass, diagnosed histopathologically and immunohistochemically as ectopic MTC. The neoplastic cells arranging trabecular structures were characterized as pleomorphic cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and nucleus, containing often clear nucleolus. These tumor cells were immuno-positive for calcitonin gene–related protein (CGRP), somatostatin, and chromogranin A. In addition, 8th passaged cultured cells were also immuno-positive for CGRP, somatostatin, and chromogranin A. The cloned tumor cells showed logarithmic cell growth with a doubling time of 33.3 h. From the results of DNA sequencing of rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene, the cloned tumor cells had four single base substitution, including exon 5 codon 82, exon 16 codon 750, exon 17 codon 777, and exon 24 codon 1085, all of which were single nucleotide polymorphism reported in RET gene […]

  • Development and characterization of a stable bovine intestinal sub-epithelial myofibroblast cell line from ileum of a young calf
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Intestinal sub-epithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs) are mesenchymal cells that do not express cytokeratin but express α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. Despite being cells with diverse functions, there is a paucity of knowledge about their origin and functions primarily due to the absence of a stable cell line. Although myofibroblast in vitro models for human, mouse, and pig are available, there is no ISEMF cell line available from young calves. We isolated and developed an ileal ISEMF cell line from a 2-d-old calf that expressed α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin but no cytokeratin indicating true myofibroblast cells. To overcome replicative senescence, we immortalized primary cells with SV40 large T antigen. We characterized and compared both primary and immortalized ileal ISEMF cells for surface glycan and Toll-like-receptor (TLR) expression by lectin-binding assay and real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assay respectively. SV40 […]

  • Long noncoding RNA ADPGK-AS1 promotes cell proliferation, migration, and EMT process through regulating miR-3196/OTX1 axis in breast cancer
    on August 1, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Emerging evidences exposed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in various tumor progression including breast cancer (BC). However, the role of lncRNA ADP-dependent glucokinase antisense RNA 1 (ADPGK-AS1) in BC progression remains undiscovered. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the role of ADPGK-AS1 in BC. qRT-PCR was performed to investigate ADPGK-AS1 expression level in BC tissues and cell lines. The effect of ADPGK-AS1 knockdown on BC cellular process was assessed by loss-of-function assay. Luciferase reporter and RIP assay were performed to investigate the combination between ADPGK-AS1 and miR-3196. The combination between miR-3196 and orthodenticle homeobox 1 (OTX1) was verified by luciferase reporter assay. Finally, rescue assays were performed to confirm the effects of ADPGK-AS1/miR-3196/OTX1 axis on BC development. ADPGK-AS1 expression level was upregulated in BC tissues and cell lines. High expression of ADPGK-AS1 predicted […]

  • Site-specific integration of rotavirus VP6 gene in rabbit β-casein locus by CRISPR/Cas9 system
    on July 31, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Rotavirus (RV) is the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis in neonates and VP6 protein has been discussed as a potential candidate vaccine. CRISPR/Cas9 was the latest generation of gene editing tools that can mediate the site-specific knock-in of exogenous genes, providing strong support for the expression of recombinant proteins. Here, seeking to design a rotavirus vaccine that would be suitable for both mammary-gland-based production and milk-based administration, rabbit β-casein (CSN2) locus was chosen as the target site to integrate the VP6 gene. The efficiency of inducing mutations in different target sites of rabbit CSN2 locus was analyzed and g4 site seems to be the best one to generate mutations (g4 72.76 ± 0.32% vs g1 30.14 ± 1.93%, g2 38.53 ± 0.75%, g3 52.26 ± 1.16%, P < 0.05). We further compared the knock-in efficiency through cytoplasmic […]

  • ULK1 affects cell viability of goat Sertoli cell by modulating both autophagy and apoptosis
    on July 29, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Sertoli cells (SCs) are necessary for proper germ cell development and viability. Unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase (ULK1) protein kinase is an important regulator of autophagy activation. This study aims to investigate the role of autophagy promoter ULK1 on cell viability of goat SCs. Our results showed that ULK1 knockdown in goat SCs decreased autophagy activation, which was confirmed by decreased expression of autophagy-related markers including LC3, Beclin1, Atg5, and Atg7 (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, lower ULK1 levels resulted in decreased expressions of goat SC marker genes ABP, AMH, FASL, and GATA4. However, a reverse trend of these parameters occurred when the goat SCs were transfected with ULK1 overexpression construct; higher ULK1 levels in goat SCs also decreased the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. Moreover, ULK1 overexpression in goat SCs activated the autophagy levels when cells were exposed to an environmental contaminant bisphenol A […]

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