Recent Articles

Below are the titles and abstracts from the most recent articles published in In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology – Animal. Click on the title to view the full article at Springerlink.


  • Isolation, characterization, and ecotoxicological application of marine mammal skin fibroblast cultures
    on October 19, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Marine mammal cell cultures are a multifunctional instrument for acquiring knowledge about life in the world’s oceans in physiological, biochemical, genetic, and ecotoxicological aspects. We succeeded in isolation, cultivation, and characterization of skin fibroblast cultures from five marine mammal species. The cells of the spotted seal (Phoca largha), the sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), and the walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) are unpretentious to the isolation procedure. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) fibroblasts should be isolated by trypsin disaggregation, while only mechanical disaggregation was suitable for the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) cells. The cell growth parameters have been determined allowing us to find the optimal seeding density for continuous and effective cultivation. The effects of nonpathogenic algal extracts on proliferation, viability, and functional activity of marine mammal cells in vitro have been presented and discussed for […]

  • A circular RNA from NFIX facilitates oxidative stress-induced H9c2 cells apoptosis
    on October 16, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of death worldwide, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis during myocardial infarction and reperfusion is a significant factor of poor prognosis. As important regulatory molecules, biofunctions of circRNAs in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction remain elusive. To confirm the expression level and biological function of circNFIX in cardiomyocytes upon oxidative stress. Divergent polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing were performed to verify the circular structure. The stability of circNFIX was confirmed by RNase R treatment and actinomycin D assay. In order to simulate oxidative stress during myocardial infarction, H9c2 cells were subjected to hydrogen peroxide and hypoxia stimulation. In vivo, mouse models of myocardial ischemia were established. The biological function of circNFIX in cardiomyocytes was investigated through loss- and gain-of-function assays, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis level was detected by the […]

  • Optimization of culture conditions for the efficient differentiation of mouse-induced pluripotent stem cells into dental epithelial-like cells
    on October 13, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The establishment of a method to derive dental epithelial cells seems to be an important challenge toward realizing the whole tooth regeneration. In order to obtain a source of dental epithelial-like cells, a new methodology has been previously developed by our research group. In the method, induced pluripotent stem cells are cultured in suspension in the presence of neurotrophin-4 to form embryoid bodies followed by further adherent culture of the embryoid bodies in DMEM basal nutrient medium. The present study was directed to improve the efficiency of dental epithelial-like cell production, by focusing on the optimization of initial cell number for the formation of embryoid bodies and the addition of epidermal growth factor as well as its timing. Our results demonstrated that an initial cell number of 1000 cells/drop gives the highest efficiency of dental epithelial-like cell production. It appears that, under this condition, medium deterioration is […]

  • Establishment of long-term ostracod epidermal culture
    on October 9, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Primary crustacean cell culture was introduced in the 1960s, but to date limited cell lines have been established. Skogsbergia lerneri is a myodocopid ostracod, which has a body enclosed within a thin, durable, transparent bivalved carapace, through which the eye can see. The epidermal layer lines the inner surface of the carapace and is responsible for carapace synthesis. The purpose of the present study was to develop an in vitro epidermal tissue and cell culture method for S. lerneri. First, an optimal environment for the viability of this epidermal tissue was ascertained, while maintaining its cell proliferative capacity. Next, a microdissection technique to remove the epidermal layer for explant culture was established and finally, a cell dissociation method for epidermal cell culture was determined. Maintenance of sterility, cell viability and proliferation were key throughout these processes. This novel approach for viable S. lerneri epidermal tissue […]

  • Optimization of porcine embryonic germ cell culture system
    on October 7, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Homologous feeder culture system can efficiently promote the proliferation of embryonic germ (EG) cells or embryonic stem (ES) cells while avoiding contamination by exogenous proteins and pathogens. In this study, we compared the potency of using homologous porcine embryonic fibroblasts (PEFs), gonadal stromal cells (GSCs), porcine adipose–derived stem cells (PASCs), or porcine amniotic fluid stem (PAFS) cells as feeder cells for porcine EG growth, with the commonly used mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). We compared the feeder cell growth rates; secretion of growth factors including stem cell factor (SCF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF); the effects of growth factors on porcine PGC growth; and EG growth rates when individual cells were used as feeders. Our results showed that feeder cells secreted limited amounts of growth factors, and supplementation of growth factors can significantly improve the formation […]

  • Amniotic fluid mesenchymal stromal cells from early stages of embryonic development have higher self-renewal potential
    on October 7, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Amniotic fluid (AF) is a rich source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) that have the ability to differentiate into multiple lineages rendering them a promising and powerful tool for regenerative medicine. However, information regarding the differences among AFMSCs derived from different gestational stages is limited. In the present study, AFMSCs derived from 125 pregnant rats at four embryonic day (E) stages (E12, E15, E18, and E21) were isolated and cultured. The primary E15 cells were the smallest in size and the easiest to culture and usually grew in a spherical shape that resembled the growth morphology of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Once adhered, the E12 and E15 AFMSCs grew faster and could be passaged more than 60 times while still maintaining a continuous proliferative state; however, AFMSCs derived from E18 and E21 could normally be maintained for only 10 passages. To identify the possible reasons for this difference, RT-qPCR was used to examine […]

  • In vitro assessment of the anti-sickling properties of Buchholzia coriacea and Mucuna pruriens seed extracts
    on October 6, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Sickle cell disease is a group of diseases inherited through the gene and it affects the haemoglobin in the red blood cell. This study investigated the methanol seed extract of Buchholzia coriacea for possible in vitro anti-sickling effects and also determined the effect of Mucuna pruriens seed extract on the solubility and oxygen-binding rate of sickle cell haemoglobin. Sickle cell blood was collected from sickle cell disease patients with subsequent addition of 2% sodium metabisulphite to cause more sickling. Varying concentrations of the seed extracts (50%, 25%, 12.5% and 6.25%) were added to the pre-treated blood for these in vitro assays. The results showed that the extract of Buchholzia coriacea significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited sickling at all concentrations with the highest percentage inhibition of 73.3 ± 5.8, reversed sickled erythrocytes at all concentrations with the highest percentage reversal of 83.3 ± 5.8 and significantly (P < 0.05) […]

  • In vitro effects of selected endocrine disruptors (DEHP, PCB118, BPA) on narrow-clawed crayfish ( Astacus leptodactylus ) primary cells
    on October 6, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Environmental pollutants with endocrine-disrupting effect are of global importance due to their contribution to the aethiologies of variety of complex diseases. These lipophilic pollutants are persistent in the environment and able to bioaccummulate in nontarget organisms. BPA, DEHP and PCB118 (dioxin-like PCB) are associated with endocrine disruption effects, while information on their effects on aquatic invertebrates are limited. In the current study, the effects of these compounds, which are ubiqutous and present at low concentrations in the environment, are studied in the primary hepatopancreas, muscle, gill, intestine and gonadal cultures of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823), a widely distributed freshwater crayfish in Turkey with high economic importance. IC50 values following MTT assay ranged 0.27–12.61 nM; when compared with other tissues, the gonads were more affected with lower IC50 values. PCB118 induced higher […]

  • Secretome studies of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) isolated from three tissue sources reveal subtle differences in potency
    on October 2, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are currently the leading candidate for cell-based therapeutics. While the use of MSCs in transplantation therapies is widely expanding, still, there is a lot of scope for better understanding of the mechanisms underlying their effects. We have generated MSCs from pre- and post-natal human tissue sources such as Wharton’s jelly (WJ), stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED), and bone marrow (BM). We then expanded, banked, and characterized them based on morphology, growth kinetics, senescence, immunophenotype, gene expression, and secretion of growth factors. Although the immunophenotype was very similar across MSCs from the three types of donor tissues, they showed minor variations in their growth kinetics. Further, a higher percentage of senescent cells were observed in BM-MSCs than in WJ-MSCs and SHED. Gene expression analysis showed the increased expression of INF-γ, PDGFA, VEGF, IL10, and SDF in […]

  • Establishment and characterization of a cell line from Ghanaian Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) focusing on Aedes -borne flavivirus susceptibility
    on September 30, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Mosquitoes are generally considered one of the most important vectors of arboviruses, with Aedes aegypti regarded as the most important in transmission of yellow fever and dengue viruses. To investigate why there are differences in the incidence of dengue fever and Zika in different geographical areas and an absence of outbreaks in Ghana in spite of an abundance of A. aegypti mosquitoes, we established a continuous cell line from embryonic cells of A. aegypti collected in Ghana and assessed its susceptibility to dengue, yellow fever, and Zika viruses. The new cell line (designated AeAe-GH98), having an adhesive spindle-shaped web-like morphology, was serially subcultured in both VP-12 and Schneider’s medium supplemented with 10% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum. AeAe-GH98 cells were found to have a population doubling time of 1.3 d during exponential growth. The mosquito colony used to establish the cell line was confirmed to have originated from […]

  • Granulosa cell-conditioned medium enhances steroidogenic competence of buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) theca cells
    on September 30, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Granulosa cells (GCs) and theca cells (TCs) are the main components of follicles, and the interactions between GCs and TCs play a significant role in steroidogenesis, follicular growth, and atresia. However, the effects of GCs in the form of conditioned medium on steroidogenesis in buffalo TCs remain unclear. In the present study, the impacts of GC-conditioned medium (GCCM) on androgen synthesis in buffalo TCs were examined. The results showed that GCCM collected at 48 h promoted both the expression levels of androgen synthesis-related genes (CYP11A1, CYP17A1, 3β-HSD, and Star) and the secretion levels of testosterone in TCs. The treatment time of 48 h in GCCM improved both the expression levels of androgen synthesis-related genes (CYP11A1, CYP17A1, 3β-HSD, and Star) and the secretion levels of testosterone in TCs. Furthermore, GCCM that was collected at 48 h and applied to TCs for 48 h (48 h and 48 h) promoted the sensitivity of buffalo TCs to LH. This […]

  • Increased O-GlcNAcylation induces myocardial hypertrophy
    on September 29, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Myocardial hypertrophy is a common precursor of many diseases, and it can lead to myocardial ischemia and weaken cardiac contractility. High-sugar diets and diabetes are high risk factors for cardiac hypertrophy. O-GlcNAcylation, a dynamic and ubiquitous post-translational glycosylation of proteins on serine/threonine residues, has been usually considered as a nutrient sensor. Hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia lead to an enhancement of protein O-GlcNAcylation; however, whether excessive O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) glycosylation of proteins in cardiomyocytes causes cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. In this study, we treated cultured primary cardiomyocytes or mice with streptozotocin (STZ) or PUGNAc, two inhibitors of O-GlcNAcase (OGA) to elevate cellular O-GlcNAcylation. We found that increased O-GlcNAcylation induced hypertrophy-like changes by detecting cardiomyocyte morphology or measuring the thickness of mice left […]

  • Correction to: CXCR5 overexpression in HL-60 cells enhances chemotaxis toward CXCL13 without anticipated interaction partners or enhanced MAPK signaling
    on September 21, 2020 at 12:00 am

    There is a typographical error in the primer sequence published in this article.

  • The protective effect of rosmarinic acid on myotube formation during myoblast differentiation under heat stress
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract High ambient temperature is one of the most important environmental factors that caused the reduction of livestock productivity and the increase of mortality. It has been shown that heat stress could affect the meat quality characteristics by physiological and metabolic perturbations in live livestock. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a natural polyphenolic phytochemical compound that has many important biological activities, such as antioxidant, antimutagenic, and antitumor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible function and mechanism of RA on myoblast proliferation and differentiation under heat stress condition. The results showed that heat stress reduced the viability of myoblast and increased the percentage of apoptotic cells, and it also disrupted myotube formation by altering the expression of myogenic regulatory factors MyoD, myogenin, and MyHC. However, pretreatment of RA can protect C2C12 cells from heat stress–induced apoptosis, and […]

  • One-step genome editing of porcine zygotes through the electroporation of a CRISPR/Cas9 system with two guide RNAs
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract In the present study, we investigated whether electroporation could be used for one-step multiplex CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing, targeting IL2RG and GHR in porcine embryos. First, we evaluated and selected guide RNAs (gRNAs) by analyzing blastocyst formation rates and genome editing efficiency. This was performed in embryos electroporated with one of three different gRNAs targeting IL2RG or one of two gRNAs targeting GHR. No significant differences in embryo development rates were found between control embryos and those subjected to electroporation, irrespective of the target gene. Two gRNAs targeting IL2RG (nos. 2 and 3) contributed to an increased biallelic mutation rate in porcine blastocysts compared with gRNA no. 1. There were no significant differences in the mutation rates between the two gRNAs targeting GHR. In our next experiment, the mutation efficiency and the development of embryos simultaneously electroporated with gRNAs targeting IL2RG […]

  • Establishment and characterization of a cell line derived from fin of the endangered Yangtze sturgeon ( Acipenser dabryanus )
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) is an endangered endemic freshwater fish of China. Cell-line is a potential means used for long-term preservation of germplasm resources and an ideal in vitro model in place of living organisms for biological studies. Here, culture condition and characterization of fin-derived cell in Yangtze sturgeon were carried out. Tissue explant techniques have been efficiently used in the Yangtze sturgeon caudal fin (YSCF) culture. The YSCF cell line showed a fibroblast-like morphology and stable growth in minimum essential medium eagle’s (MEME) supplemented with 10–20% fetal bovine serum at 25°C. Cells were cryopreserved with preservative DMSO in liquid nitrogen and grew normally after recovery. No bacterial, fungal, or mycoplasma contamination was detected in the YSCF cells. Karyotype analysis of the YSCF cells showed that the chromosome numbers of the YSCF ranged from 242 to 273, and the modal chromosome number was […]

  • Ectopic release of nitric oxide modulates the onset of cardiac development in avian model
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Heart development is one of the earliest developmental events, and its pumping action is directly linked to the intensity of development of other organs. Heart contractions mediate the circulation of the nutrients and signalling molecules to the focal points of developing embryos. In the present study, we used in vivo, ex vivo, in vitro, and in silico methods for chick embryo model to characterize and identify molecular targets under the influence of ectopic nitric oxide in reference to cardiogenesis. Spermine NONOate (SpNO) treatment of 10 μM increased the percentage of chick embryos having beating heart at 40th h of incubation by 2.2-fold (p < 0.001). In an ex vivo chick embryo culture, SpNO increased the percentage of embryos having beats by 1.56-fold (p < 0.05) compared with control after 2 h of treatment. Total body weight of SpNO-treated chick embryos at the Hamburger and Hamilton (HH) stage 29 was increased by 1.22-fold (p < 0.005). […]

  • Pharmacological and nutritional modulation of autophagy in a rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) gill cell line, RTgill-W1
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Autophagy is involved in the modulation of nutrition, immunity, and disease in humans and animals. To understand the impact of autophagy modulation on a rainbow trout gill cell line, RTgill-W1, treatments including reduced nutrition (2% fetal bovine serum compared with 10% control), rapamycin, 3-methyladenine, deoxynivalenol, and chloroquine were tested. Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain protein and quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression of 10 autophagy-related genes. At 3-d post-treatment, reduced nutrition significantly (p < 0.05) increased autophagy while deoxynivalenol significantly (p < 0.01) suppressed it compared to controls. These phenomena were confirmed by using immunofluorescence to detect the number of autophagosomes in RTgill-W1. Chloroquine is critical to allow observation of microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain […]

  • Discriminating aspects of global metabolism of neonatal cardiomyocytes from wild type and KO-CSRP3 rats using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of culture media samples
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract Knockout of multifunction gene cysteine- and glycine-rich protein 3 (CSRP3) in cardiomyocytes (CMs) of mice leads to heart dilation, severely affecting its functions. In humans, CSRP3 mutations are associated with hypertrophic (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The absence of the CSRP3 expression produces unknown effects on in vitro neonatal CMs’ metabolism. The metabolome changes in culture media conditioned by CSRP3 knockout (KO-CSRP3), and wild type (WT) neonatal cardiomyocytes were investigated under untreated or after metabolic challenging conditions produced by isoproterenol (ISO) stimulation, by in vitro high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS)-based metabolomics. Metabolic differences between neonatal KO-CSRP3 and WT rats’ CMs were identified. After 72 h of culture, ISO administration was associated with increased CMs’ energy requirements and increased levels of threonine, alanine, and 3-hydroxybutyrate in both […]

  • Isolation and ex vivo cultivation of single myofibers from porcine muscle
    on September 1, 2020 at 12:00 am

    Abstract The isolation and cultivation of intact, single myofibers presents a superior approach for studying myogenic cells in their native position. The cells’ characteristics remain more similar to muscle tissue than in cell culture. Nevertheless, no routinely used method in higher vertebrates exists. Therefore, we aimed at establishing the isolation and cultivation of single myofibers from porcine muscle. For the first time, we implemented the isolation of intact myofibers from porcine fibularis tertius muscle by enzymatic digestion and their subsequent cultivation under floating conditions. Confocal microscopy showed intact myofibrill structures in isolated myofibers. Myogenic cells were able to proliferate at their parent myofiber as shown by the increase of myonuclear number during culture. Additionally, the described method can be used to investigate myogenic cells migrated from isolated myofibers. These cells expressed myogenic markers and were able to […]

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